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Edward Burleson Estes, Company A,
7th Texas Infantry Regiment, CSA

My maternal 2nd great granduncle, Edward Burleson Estes, served in Company A, 7th Texas Infantry Regiment more than 42 months, Oct 1861 to May 1865.

Edward Burleson Estes enlisted as a Private on 01 October 1861 in Marshall, Texas. Estes was
  • taken prison of war at the surrender of Fort Donelson, Tenn., on 16 Feb 1862
  • wounded in action in the battle of Missionary Ridge, Ga.,
        [part of the 3rd battle of Chattanooga, Tenn.] on 25 Nov 1863
  • perhaps, wounded as second time in the defense of Atlanta in Aug 1864; see Note_01, below
  • paroled at Augusta, Ga., 02 or 25 May 1865

    Edward Burleson Estes' soldier's story is detailed below.

  • Edward Burleson Estes was born on 08 March 1845 at Ellison's Mill or Elliott's Landing, Bowie County, Republic of Texas. He was the 14th and last child of Lucy [nee Richardson] and Hiram M. Estes. The older children were born in Missouri.

    Edward B. Estes enlisted as a Private in the Waco Guards, Waco, Texas, on 01 October 1861. The Waco Guards and eight other companies were recruited by John Gregg to form the 7th Texas Infantry. The 7th Texas Infantry was mustered into Confederate service on 02 October 1861 in Marshall, Texas, and almost immediately removed to Hopkinsville, Kentucky. The Waco Guards was assigned as Company A of the 7th Texas Infantry Regiment on 10 November 1861 at Hopkinsville, Kentucky.

    Edward B. Estes served more than 42 months in the 7th Texas Infantry Regiment; 10 November 1861 to 02 or 25 May 1865.

    Edward B. Estes was
  • age 17 when the Waco Guards was assigned as Company A of the 7th Texas Infantry
  • captured at the Battle of Ft. Donelson, Tennessee, 16 Feb 1862
  • imprisoned at Camp Douglas [Chicago], Illinois, circa Feb - Sept 1862
  • exchanged at Vicksburg, Mississippi, on 16 September 1862
  • wounded in action in the battle of Missionary Ridge, Ga.,
        [part of the 3rd battle of Chattanooga, Tenn.] on 25 Nov 1863
  • perhaps, wounded as second time in the defense of Atlanta in Aug 1864; see Note_01, below
  • paroled at Augusta, Ga., 02 or 25 May 1865

    While Edward B. Estes was in service, the 7th Texas Infantry regiment participated in the following battles which had a direct impact on the course of the war and / or a decisive influence on a campaign
  • Fort Donelson, Tennessee, 12 - 16 February 1862
  • Raymond, Mississippi, 12 May 1863
  • Jackson, Mississippi, 14 May 1863
  • Chickamauga, Georgia, 19 - 20 September 1863
  • Missionary Ridge [Tunnell Hill], Tennessee, 25 November 1863
        part of Battle of Chattanooga_III, Tennessee, 23 - 25 Nov 1863
        where Edward B. Estes was wounded
  • Ringgold Gap [Taylor's Ridge], Georgia, 27 November 1863
  • Gilgal Church, Georgia, 15 June 1864
        part of Battle of Marietta, Georgia, 09 June - 03 July 1864
  • Atlanta, Georgia, 21- 22 July 1864
  • Jonesboro, Georgia, 31 August - 1 September 1864
  • Spring Hill, Tennessee, 29 November 1864
  • Franklin, Tennessee, 30 November 1864
  • Nashville, Tennessee, 15 - 16 Dec 1864
  • Bentonville, N.C., 19 - 21 Mar 1865
    He is reported to have been under fire about fifty-five different days.

    The roster in Appendix C of James M. McCaffrey's This Band of Heroes indicates that Edward B. Estes was not present with his regiment at the last surrender at Greensboro, North Carolina, on 26 April 1865.

    Family historians report Edward B. Estes
  • was shot in the thigh and wounded in the hip and recovered enough to fight until the end of the war
  • was paroled 02 or 25 May 1865; parole issued at Augusta, Georgia
  • reportedly walked all the way home to Texas after his parole,

    Edward B. Estes died on 11 Jan 1933 in Ranger, Eastland County, Texas, and is buried in the Pioneer Cemetery there. An image of his headstone and an image of he and his son are below.

    Imagine, Edward B. Estes, my matrilineal 2nd great granduncle, was
  • born in the Republic of Texas
  • served 3.5 years as a soldier in the Confederate Army; including,
        being held Prisoner of War in Chicago, Illinois, for 9 months
  • lived to see Franklin Delano Roosevelt elected President of the USofA.
        [FDR's inauguration was 04 Mar 1933.]

    Amazing to me that our history from the Republic of Texas to the present could be spanned by the lifes of two persons.

  • Edward B. Estes [left]
    and William Pembrook Estes, his son
    Edward B. Estes's grave monument
    at Pioneer Cemetery, Ranger,
    Eastland County, Texas
    Notes
    Note_01: Perhaps wounded in the defense of Atlanta, Aug 1864
    Historic family manuscripts [letters between Edward B. Estes and Aaron R. Estes] indicate that Edward B. Estes was wounded and placed with a family on a farm during the time of the Battle of Jonesboro, Georgia, 31 August - 1 September 1864. The official record of the 7th Texas Infantry [Gregg's] Regiment, CSA, reports only that Estes was wounded at the Missionary Ridge, Tennessee, 25 November 1863, nearly a year prior.

    Whether Estes was wounded twice [thigh and hip wounds occurring nearly a year apart] will be investigated.

    Certainly, the official CSA records became less reliable as the war wound on and the Army of Tennessee was further and further depleted.


    Note_02: Confederate Pension Application Information Regarding Army Service
    The State of Texas Confederate Pension Application requires Affidavit of Witnesses attesting to the applicant's army service. Edward B. Estes' application contains the following affidavit by Tilman Fowler, of Fresno, California, regarding 'facts touching the applicant's service in the Confederate Army:

    E.B. Estes' service in Co. A 7th Texas Infantry, H.B. Granbury was the first Copr [afterwards General] John Gregg was the first Col. I was the orderly Sergeant of Co. A 7th Texas and I do know personally of the following facts. E.B. Estes was a meritorious soldier, his first battle was Fort Donelson where he was captured, remained a prisoner seven months at Chicago, then exchanged and fought at Port Hudson, next Raymond where the 7th Texas lost over one half the men that went into the battle. Next battle Jackson, then Chickamauga, Missionary Ridge and all the battles between Gen. Sherman and our Army of Tennessee. He was under fire about fifty-five different days. There was not a better soldier in the Confederate Army than E.B. Estes. Never grumbled either on account battle fatigue or starvation.

    SIGNATURE OF WITNESS: Tilman Fowler,
    SWORN AND SUBSCRIBED BEFORE ME, THIS 30TH DAY OF SEPT., A.D. 1913'


    Note_03: A Band of Cousins
    Six ancestral members of the multiply inter-married Estes and Williams families served in Granbury's Texas Brigade, CSA.

    Three ancestral cousins served in the 7th Texas Infantry Regiment; one, in the 10th Texas Infantry Regiment; one, in the 15th Texas [Dismount] Cavalry; one ancestral cousin served in both the 10th Texas Infantry Regiment and the 15th Texas [Dismount] Cavalry regiment.

    Further information regarding these ancestral cousins is found in Granbury's Texas Brigade section of My Army of Tennessee Ancestors webpage.

    Sources
      Ref_01: 7th Texas Volunteer Infantry Regiment, Muster Roll, on Lars Gjertveit's website.
      Ref_02: This Band of Heroes, Granbury's Texas Brigade, CSA, McCaffrey, James M.,
    Texas A&M University Press, College Station, Texas,1996
      Ref_03: Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Texas, Sifakis, Stewart,
    Facts on File, New York, NY, 1995
      Ref_04: Confederate Soldiers In My Family webpages, Kight, Lisa .
      Ref_05: Family of Edward Burleson Estes and Editha Davis [Cinderilla / Dithy] Williams
    webpages Kight, Lisa.
      Ref_06: Old Northwest Texas, Historical-Statistical-Biographical, Navarro County, Texas 1846-1860, compiled by Nancy Samuels and Barbara Knox, published by the Fort Worth Genealogical Society. Relevant excerpts from this two volume historic compilation is found in Ref_05, above.

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