|Boulder, Colorado, USA
|Archibald Jasper Murphy, Private, Company L,
2nd Mississippi Infantry Battalion /
48th Mississippi Infantry Regiment CSA
My maternal 2nd great-granduncle, Archibald Jasper Murphy, served in Company L, 2nd Mississippi Infantry Battalion / 48th Mississippi Infantry Regiment from 12 May 1862 to May 1865.
Twice captured and once wounded, Archibald J. Murphy was fortunate to survive the war. His battalion/regiment, assigned to the Army of Northern Virginia, saw years of savage fighting: Seven Pines, the Seven Days, Second Manassas, Antietam, First and Second Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Fredericksburg _II, the Wilderness, the Bloody Salient at Spotsylvania, North Anna, the seize of Petersburg, and the defense of Fort Gregg [Petersburg_III]. A.J. Murphy
Archibald Jasper Murphy survived 36 month of war. In contrast, his younger brother, David Huston Murphy, who enlisted in the same unit at the same time, died of pneumonia after ~ 2 months of combat, ~ 4 month of illness, and ~ 1 month of hospitalization. D.H. Murphy's death to disease bears witness to the fact that two-third of the soliders' deaths in the American Civil War were due to disease.
Archibald Jasper Murphy's story is detailed below.
Archibald Jasper Murphy was born on 15 Feb 1832 in Florence, Alabama. He was the 9th of 14 children born to Archibald and Anna G. [nee THOMPSON] MURPHY. His father was born in Scotland
on 12 Jan 1794 and immigrated to the USA before 1815. His mother was born on 20 Aug 1800 in
Rutherford County, Tennessee.
Archibald J. Murphy enlisted as a Private in Captain Joel P. Rogers’ Company [Oktibbeha Reserve or Oktibbeha Rescue] on 12 May 1862 at West Point, Clay County, Mississippi. He was 30 years of age. His next younger brother, David Huston Murphy, then 27 years of age, enlisted in the same unit at the same date and place. A.J. Murphy and family are reported in the 1860 Census of Oktibbeha County, Mississippi. Clay County is adjacent to and north of Oktibbeha County.
Another younger brother, Charles Alexander Murphy, served in the 2nd Mississippi Partisan Rangers Cavalry [Ballentine's] Regiment.
On 17 January 1863, the 2nd Mississippi Infantry Battalion was increased to regiment strength and designated the 48th Mississippi Infantry Regiment. Captain Joel P. Rogers’ Company was henceforth designated Company L of the 48th Mississippi Infantry Regiment. A.J. Murphy is reported in the roster of both
Archibald J. MURPHY served in the 2nd Mississippi Infantry Battalion for 08 months, 12 May 1862 to 17 January 1863. He served in the 48th Mississippi Infantry Regiment for 28 months, from 17 January 1863 to until his release from Prisoner of War status at the end of the war; nominally, May 1865. Thus, Arch J. MURPHY served about 36 months; May 1862 to May 1865.
While in service, Arch J. MURPHY was
See details of the engagement in Note_01, below.
See details of the engagement in Note_05, below.
While Archibald Jasper Murphy was in service, the 2nd Mississippi Infantry Battalion was engaged in the following battles which had a direct impact on the course of the war and / or a decisive influence on a campaign:
While Archibald Jasper Murphy was in service,
the 48th Mississippi Infantry Regiment was engaged in the following battles which had a direct impact on the course of the war and / or a decisive influence on a campaign:
Arch J. Murphy imprisonment is assumed to have been 3 months. [see Note_02 and Note_06, below]. His military service records have been ordered from the Mississippi State Archive; corrections / additions will be made when available.
Due to his gunshot wound, 24 May 1864, hospitalization, and furlough, taken to have been from 17 Jun to 16 Aug 1864, Arch J. Murphy missed
Due to his capture at Fort Gregg, Petersburg, Virginia, on 02 Apr 1865, Arch J. Murphy also missed Lee's army's desperate westward movement from Richmond/Petersburg and capitulation at Appomattox Court House, 09 Apr 1865.
Archibald Jasper Murphy regiment, assigned to the Army of North Virginia, fought in many savage battles, including at the Bloody Salient in the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House; Grant's Overland Campaign from the Battle of the Wilderness to the Battle of Cold has been described as 60 miles/60,000 casualtie's; albeit, 80,000 seems a better number for the total died, wounded, or missing [in American Civil War parlance, 'missing' means: unidentified dead, taken prisoner, or taken flight, deserted].
Archibald Jasper Murphy married Harriet Jane Murray, born 22 Aug 1831, on 23 Dec 1848. They had 09 children, 1851 - 1870. Five children were born before the war; four, after.
Notably, Archibald Jasper Murphy, Junior, born 10 Apr 1865; was apparently conceived during , Archibald Jasper Murphy, Senior's, mid-June to mid-August furlough from the Army of Northern Virginia. Do the math.
Arch J. Murphy died on 30 May 1919 in Choctaw County, Mississippi, and is buried in Nebo Cemetery. His wife, Harriet Jane [nee Murray] Murphy, died on 28 Jan 1915 in Choctaw County, Mississippi, and is also buried in Nebo Cemetery.
Note_01, A.J. Murphy's First Capture, 05 June 1863:
Arch J. Murphy's first capture is taken to have been associated with the following event described in the 48th Mississippi Infantry Regimental history in Dunbar Rowland’s Military History of Mississippi, 1803-1898:
Note_02, Release From First Capture
Arch J. MURPHY's first incarceration is assume to have been for a period of about three months. This is base on the history of my paternal great-grandfather, Henry Harrison High. H.H. High was taken prisoner of war at the surrender of Fort Hindman, Arkansas Post, Arkansas, imprisoned at Camp Douglas [Chicago], Illinois, paroled, transported to City Point, Virginia, and exchanged. Henry H. High period of incarceration was almost 3 months to the day, 11 January 1863 to 10April 1863.
Note_03, Battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania:
Due to his capture at Fredericksburg, Virginia, on 05 June 1863, Arch J. Murphy almost certainly missed the Battle of Gettysburg; a propitious consequence. The 48th Mississippi Infantry Regimental participation in the second day's Battle at Gettysburg was described in Dunbar Rowland’s Military History of Mississippi, 1803-1898, as follows:
Note_04, A.J. Murphy's Wounding, 24 May 1864:
The 48th Mississippi Infantry Regimental participation in the Battle at North Anna is referenced in Dunbar Rowland’s Military History of Mississippi, 1803-1898, as follows:
Note_05, A.J. Murphy's Second Capture, 02 Apr 1865:
The 48th Mississippi Infantry Regimental participation in the defense of Fort Gregg, 02 April 1864, was described in Dunbar Rowland’s Military History of Mississippi, 1803-1898, as follows:
Note_06, Release From Second Capture; After Lee's and Johnston's Surrender
Archibald Jasper Murphy is assumed to have been paroled and released in May 1865 based on the story of my patrilineal great-grandfather. Sgt. James Robert Box, 14th Texas [Dismounted] Cavalry, who was captured at Spanish Fort, Alabama, 08 April 1865 and, subsequently, paroled and released at Meridian, Mississippi, 11 May 1865.
Note_07,1860 Oktibbeha County Census
The 1860 Oktibbeha County Census reports household 907 consisting of:
Williams' RootsWeb WorldConnect database entry in part derived from early work by his
grandmother Zelle [nee Murphy] Williams, published on the World Wide Web.
Charles Willams reports that Zelle [nee Murphy] Williams' data is the result of forty years of
devotion to and perseverance in the genealogy research.
Ref_02: Roster of Confederate Soldiers, 1861-1865, Broadfoot Publishing Company, Wilmington, NC, 1999. Accessed at the University of Colorado, Boulder, Libraries.
Ref_03: NPS CWSSS Soldiers Records website.
Ref_04: NPS CWSSS Regimental Histories website.
Ref_05: NPS CWSSS Battle Summaries website.
Ref_06: Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Mississippi, Stewart Sifaki, Facts On File Books, New York, New York, 1995. Accessed at the University of Colorado, Boulder, Libraries.
Ref_07: Regimental History of 2nd Battalion Mississippi Infantry/48th Regiment Mississippi Infantry [derived from Dunbar Rowland’s Military History of Mississippi, 1803-1898], published on the World Wide Web.
Ref_08: 1860 Oktibbeha County Mississippi 1860 Census, 'Started in July Families Numbered in order of visitation'.